Friday, December 19, 2014


The concept of input and output is used as a tool for thinking about processes.

What happens in-between input and output?

Computer programs take input from peripherals (keyboard, mouse, etc) and files. Then manipulate that input to output information (to the monitor) or instructions (to another program or machine).

To what other processes could the idea of input and output be used?

How about in a biological sense? Could you treat incoming stimuli (such as vision and audition) as input and outgoing actions (such as movement and speaking) as output?

Do the above examples of the application of input and output hint at a similarity between computers and humans? If so, then does that mean that both the CPU (central processing unit) and the CNS (central nervous system) serve the same purpose in a way?

Tuesday, December 2, 2014


Generalization or specialization?...for work?...for play?...for strategy?...for life?

Is generalization or specialization valued to a higher degree in modern society? Is the answer the same for ancient society? If not, what changed? Will there be a point in the future in which specialization is absolutely necessary for success?

Would you rather generalize or specialize? Why?

Do generalists make superior leaders? Do specialists make superior teachers in that which they specialize?

Imagine two intelligences that perform the same task. One intelligence is a complete specialist in that task. The other intelligence is almost a complete specialist but also has some general knowledge.

Which intelligence in the above scenario is better at the task? Is it true that a complete specialist can perform the specialty task with maximum efficiency? Does non-specialized knowledge in a task distract the performance of that task?

Sunday, November 16, 2014


What does it mean to exist?...does meaning exist?

Why does existence exist?...does existence exist?

Do multiple perceptions of the same object imply multiple existences? Does there exist a non-illusory perception? Does an illusory perception allow for the certainty of existence? Does variance in perception allow for the certainty of existence? Does a particular existence last a finite or an infinite time?

Assuming infinite time and space.

Does there exist an exact copy of earth? Does there exist infinite copy's? Does there exist an exact copy of this universe that will not exist soon? Does there exist an exact copy of this universe that will always exist?

Thursday, November 13, 2014

End of innovation

When will scientific knowledge plateau? When will the rate of technological growth flatten? Which will come first? Can technology progress without the aid of a theoretical framework? Will abstract theory be last pursuit of knowledge? Will innovation be limited by computational power or by the creativity required to break free from traditional methodology? How will various areas of study change due to the progression of underlining theory? In general, will the framework of knowledge condense or expand?

Perhaps the question of priority is how the end of innovation will affect society. Will society collapse due to the boredom of living in a predictable environment? Or will society thrive with the power to control the environment?

Will the end of innovation equate to the end of exploration?

Tuesday, November 11, 2014


What is intelligence? What are the parameters of intelligence? Does intelligence vary relative to environment? Is there more than one type of intelligence? Is intelligence quantifiable? Is intelligence a combination of reasoning, spacial, and artistic ability? What about interpersonal and intrapersonal ability?

How does creativity relate to intelligence? Is creativity a sub-measure of intelligence? Or is creativity a product of intelligence?

How does computational ability relate to intelligence? Are the two measures correlated?

If intelligence is quantifiable, can there exist a maximum intelligence? Would maximum intelligence require infinite resources and/or time/space?

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

End of humanity

How will humanity end?...depleted resources?...artificial intelligence?...alien intelligence?...disease?...big crunch?...supernova?...super volcano?...nuclear war?...other environmental phenomenon?...the ending of humanity's simulated existence? Would humanity die if all the biological parts of every human were transformed into robotic parts? What about if over half of the biological parts were transformed into robotic parts? How else could humanity end?

When will humanity end?...tomorrow?...10 years?...100 years?...1000 years?...a million years?...a billion years?...never? Is it possible that humanity could never end?

Where will the last human die? ship?...exoplanet?...blackhole?...another galaxy?...another universe?...another dimension?

Which combination of answers to the above questions is the most probable? Can such a calculation be made?

Sunday, November 2, 2014


Language is a means of communication. Without language, all intelligent forms would function independently of each other...and of themselves. Without language, intelligence could not document experience or even think. Therefore there would not be intelligence at all. Assuming perception is not considered a subjective language.

Is the previous argument refutable? Is perception considered a subjective language?

Language is a tool to add meaning to meaningless things. So, if there were no language, would everything be meaningless? Does language require meaning to create meaning?

For example, the definition of language would be meaningless if the words which represented the definition were meaningless themselves. Obviously language is possible or else this would not be written. Since language is possible and requires previous meaning, then there must be original meaning. Either objective or subjective to perception.

Is there an original meaning? What is the ultimate origin of language?